is medicine? How did it came about into the world – who first discovered it? The history of medicine shows how societies have changed in their
approach to illness and disease from ancient times to the present. Early
medical traditions include those of Babylon, China, Egypt and Mesopotamia. The Hippocratic Oath was written in ancient Greece in the 5th century BCE, and is a direct
inspiration for oaths of office that physicians swear upon entry into the
profession today. In the Middle Ages, surgical practices inherited
from the ancient masters were improved and then systematized in Rogerius’sThe Practice
of Surgery. Universities began systematic training of physicians around
1220 CE in Italy.
Invention of the microscope was a
consequence of improved understanding, during the Renaissance. Prior to the
19th century, humourism (also known as humoralism) was thought to explain
the cause of disease but it was gradually replaced by the germ theory of disease,
leading to effective treatments and even cures for many infectious diseases.
Military doctors advanced the methods of trauma treatment and surgery. Public
health measures were developed especially in the 19th century as the rapid
growth of cities required systematic sanitary measures. Advanced research centres
opened in the early 20th century, often connected with major hospitals. The
mid-20th century was characterized by new biological treatments, such as
antibiotics. These advancements, along with developments in chemistry,
genetics, and radiography led to modern medicine. Medicine was heavily professionalized in the
20th century, and new careers opened to women as nurses (from the 1870s) and as
physicians (especially after 1970).
is little record to establish when plants were first used for medicinal
purposes (herbalism), the use of plants as healing agents, as well as
clays and soils is ancient. Over time, through emulation of the behaviour of
fauna, a medicinal knowledge base developed and passed between generations.
Even earlier, Neanderthals may have engaged in medical practices. As tribal
culture specialized specific castes, shamans and apothecaries fulfilled the role of healer.
The first known dentistry dates to c. 7000 BC in Baluchistan where Neolithic dentists used flint-tipped drills
and bowstrings. The first known trepanning operation was carried out c. 5000 BC in Ensisheim, France. A possible amputation was carried out c. 4,900 BC in Buthiers-Bulancourt,
The practice of medicine changed in the face of rapid advances in science, as well as new approaches by physicians. Hospital doctors began much more systematic analysis of patients’ symptoms in diagnosis. Among the more powerful new techniques were anesthesia, and the development of both antiseptic and aseptic operating theaters. Effective cures were developed for certain endemic infectious diseases. However the decline in many of the most lethal diseases was due more to improvements in public health and nutrition than to advances in medicine. Medicine was revolutionized in the 19th century and beyond by advances in chemistry, laboratory techniques, and equipment. Old ideas of infectious disease epidemiology were gradually replaced by advances in bacteriology and virology. The ABO blood group system was discovered in 1901, and the Rhesus blood group system in 1937, facilitating blood transfusion.
During the 20th century, large-scale
wars were attended with medics and mobile hospital units which developed advanced techniques for
healing massive injuries and controlling infections rampant in battlefield
conditions. During the Mexican Revolution
(1910–1920), General Pancho Villa organized hospital trains for
wounded soldiers. Boxcars marked Servicio Sanitario (“sanitary
service”) were re-purposed as surgical operating theatres and areas for
recuperation, and staffed by up to 40 Mexican and U.S. physicians. Severely
wounded soldiers were shuttled back to base hospitals. Canadian physician Norman Bethune, M.D. developed a mobile blood-transfusion service for frontline operations in the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939), but ironically, he himself died
of blood poisoning. Thousands of scarred troops provided the need for improved prosthetic limbs and expanded techniques in plastic surgery or
Those practices were combined to broaden cosmetic surgery and other forms of elective surgery.
Today, I am going to share something interesting which is CP500.
What is CP500?
Everytime when I received something from LHDN, my heart beats faster than usual. Do you feel the same as I do? LOLZ!
an income earner in Malaysia, we cannot runaway from paying tax. Every
year, we need to declare our incomes and expenses so that we know what
is our taxable income. We need to pay income tax to the government based
on the taxable amount.
Here is the chart that you may want to keep as record.
This is my very first year receiving my love letter, CP500 from LHDN.
What is CP500?
CP500 is what we call as Income Tax Installment. It is a notice of Prepayment of Income Tax by Instalment.
CP500 normally will be sent early of the year to those who are ‘selected’ where you have to pay your (estimated) tax on an installment basis.
Who are the people who will be receiving this CP500?
CP500 is given to people who has an income but not from their fixed
pay. For example, people who drive GrabCar, people who has extra income
via house rental or car rental, people who are doing online business and
anyone who has a source of income but not paying PCB monthly.
Since I am not working now and I am receiving my monthly bonus from Shaklee, so I have to pay for this Prepayment of Income Tax by Installment via CP500 Notice.
is actually a form of initiative to help tax payer to pay for their tax
on a bi-monthly basis instead of a whole lumpsum during the tax
If case the income tax amount is lesser than the amount that you have paid under this installment period, government will refund back to you as usual.
How Does LHDN Decides on the Amount on CP500?
LHDN estimates the tax amount based on the income tax paid in previous year.
example, I am paying my tax of RM6000 in Year 2018. So LHDN will issue
CP500 with an estimated tax of RM5000 and divide them into 6 months.
I have to pay my CP500 of RM1000 every bi-monthly starting March 2019 until January 2020.
How to Pay your CP500?
can pay at most of the banks in Malaysia over the counter for CIMB
Bank, Public Bank, Malybank, Affin Bank, Bank Rakyat, RHB Bank and BSN.
You can also pay via online transfer using CIMB, PBB, Maybank2u, HLB,
RHB, Vitibank, Alliance Bank and BSN.
If you prefer to walk in to LHDNM, you can choose to pay using cheque, bank draft to Ketua Pengarah Hasil Dalam Negeri.
you choose to pay via CP501 Form, make sure you fill your details
properly on the form which is attached together in the CP500 Notice and
send to Pos Malaysia Berhad. The details and address is included
together in the CP500 Notice.
Penalty for Late Payment
There is always a penalty is you fail to pay on the “Tarikh Akhir Kena
Bayar”, last date to pay. A penalty of 10% up to 100% will be imposed
for late payer. So make sure you set your alarm every 2 months to pay
for your CP500. Hehe.
So, don’t worry!
The government is not collecting extra money from you. It is just a system for you to pay your tax in advance via their installment program. It is common among those who are working with a company because they have to pay for their PCB (Monthly Tax Deduction) every month as stipulated in their payslip. It is a series of monthly deductions that go towards payment of your taxes in relation to your employment income. These monthly deductions are retained by your employer and paid over to the Inland Revenue Board (LHDN).
Hope this article helps those in doubt of CP500.
If you wish to know more about Shaklee business or Shaklee supplements, don’t forget to drop me a message via Whatsapp.
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Q10, otherwise called CoQ10, is an important element that helps power your cells.
The human body produces CoQ10 naturally, unfortunately with time and aging, its
production decreases. Fortunately, in these modern and medically advanced age,
you are able to get CoQ10 through supplements and foods. Illnesses like heart
disease, brain disorders, diabetes, and cancer are normally associated with low
levels of CoQ10. It isn’t evident whether low levels of CoQ10 cause these
diseases or are a result of them. One thing is for sure: a lot of research has
uncovered that CoQ10’s has a wide scope of benefits. Here is all you have to
think about CoQ10. The mitochondria are accountable for creating vitality. They
shield cells from oxidative damage and disease-causing bacteria or viruses. As CoQ10
production decreases as you age, older people seem to be deficient in this
other causes of CoQ10 deficiency include;
such as vitamin B6 deficiency
Genetic defects in CoQ10
synthesis or utilization
Increased demands by
tissues as a consequence of disease
Oxidative stress due to
Side effects of statin
has shown that CoQ10 plays several key roles in your body. One of its primary functions
is to help generate energy in your cells. It’s involved in making adenosine
triphosphate (ATP), which involved in energy transfer within cells.
other important role is to serve as an antioxidant and protect cells from
oxidative damage. Excessive amounts of free radicals lead to oxidative damage,
which can interfere with regular cell functioning. This is known to cause many
health conditions. Given that ATP is used to carry out all the body’s functions
and oxidative damage is destructive to cells, it is not surprising that some
chronic diseases have been linked to low levels of CoQ10. CoQ10 is present in
every cell of your body. However, the highest concentrations are found in
organs with the greatest energy demands, such as the heart, kidneys, lungs and
following is a list of the 9 main benefits of CoQ10.
CoQ10 has been shown to protect brain cells from oxidative damage and reduce the action of harmful compounds that can lead to brain disease.CoQ10 help treat heart failure by improving heart function, increasing ATP production and limiting oxidative damage.
The antioxidant properties of CoQ10 help improve sperm quality and reduce the decline in the number and quality of eggs in women.
When applied directly to the skin, CoQ10 can reduce sun damage and increase antioxidant protection. Supplementing with CoQ10 may also help decrease the risk of skin cancer.
Supplementing with CoQ10 prevent and treat migraines, as it increases mitochondrial function and reduces inflammation.
Exercise performance can be affected by oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. CoQ10 help lower oxidative damage, promote exercise capacity and decrease fatigue.
Supplementing with CoQ10 help increase insulin sensitivity and improve blood sugar levels.
CoQ10 plays a critical role in the protection of cell DNA and cell survival, both of which are strongly linked to cancer prevention and recurrence.
CoQ10 has been shown to protect brain cells from oxidative damage and reduce the action of harmful compounds that can lead to brain disease.
CoQ10 can reduce oxidative damage and inflammation that results in diseases of the lungs.
Since CoQ10 is fat-soluble, it is recommended to take it with food or use products that combine it with oils to improve its absorption. Supplementing with CoQ10 appears to be well tolerated by individuals and has low toxicity. CoQ10 is found in some foods, especially organ meats. Also, it seems that it’s as equally well absorbed through foods as it is through supplements.
Shaklee has a product that can provide you with the sufficient daily dosage of
CoQ10 needed by the body to properly function. Coq-Trol Plus by Shaklee is
different from the rest;
The Shaklee Difference
CoQ-Trol Plus provides a
natural, proprietary blend of 100mg of Coenzyme Q10 plus
resveratrol and tocopherol.
For optimum absorption, it
is equipped with olive oil delivery system.
A patented formulation to
improve absorption of Coenzyme Q10.
Patent No: MY-139379-A
To know more about the product, contact Mommy J for a free consultation and more info on the all new CoQ-Trol Plus and take charge of your health!
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Mental disorders are common and widespread. According
to the World Health Organization, at some point in a person’s life, 1 out of 4
will be affected by mental or neurological disorders. Mental disorders are one
of the top causes of ill-health and disability worldwide and should not be
taken lightly. Around 450 million people currently suffer from such conditions.
Most families are not prepared to cope with learning their
loved one has a mental illness. It can be physically and emotionally trying,
and can make us feel vulnerable to the opinions and judgments of others.
Treatments are available, but nearly two-thirds of people with a known mental
disorder never seek help from a health professional. Stigma, discrimination and
neglect prevent care and treatment from reaching people with mental disorders,
says the World Health Organization (WHO). Where there is neglect, there is
little or no understanding. Where there is no understanding, there is neglect.
Gro Harlem Brundtland, the Director-General of WHO said, mental illness is not
a personal failure. So we shouldn’t feel discourage and know that they are help
available. Mental illness or disorders have many types, here are some listed by
Time To Change.Uk :
Suicide – when someone intentionally takes their own life – is a very complex issue. Check this site out if you or a loved one is in need of help and support : http://www.suicide.org/hotlines/international/malaysia-suicide-hotlines.html
and general lifestyle changes can help manage the symptoms of many mental
health problems. They may also help prevent some problems from developing or
getting worse. Here are some tips for looking after yourself that you might
it’s important to remember that there is unlikely to be an instant
solution. Recovering from a mental health problem takes
time and work and most importantly moral support from your loved ones. Nothing
is incurable, everything can be fixed if it is accepted, diagnosed and
Unfortunately, no supplement or pills can help you fix mental illness, but there are supplements that can promote a healthy brain development and to maintain. Contact Mommy J for a free consultation on supplements that are great for the wellness and health of your brain, your children and the brain development of your unborn child.
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Known as the “wear and tear” type of arthritis and is
associated with factors such as aging, injury or obesity; Osteoarthritis is one
of the several types of arthritis and also listed as a common form of arthritis
next to rheumatoid arthritis. Although sometimes most of these types of
arthritis have similar symptoms, it is important to distinguish between them in
order to determine the proper treatment.
is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide.
It occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears down
over time. Although osteoarthritis
can damage any joint in your body, the disorder most commonly affects joints in
your hands, knees, hips and spine.
Although osteoarthritis was long believed to be caused by the “wear and tear” of joints over time, scientists now view it as a disease of the joint. Here are some of the factors that contribute to the development of Osteoarthritis:
Genes: Various genetic traits can make a person more likely to develop Osteoarthritis. One possibility is a rare defect in the body’s production of collagen, the protein that makes up cartilage. This abnormality can cause osteoarthritis to occur as early as age 20. Other inherited traits may result in slight defects in the way the bones fit together so that cartilage wears away faster than usual.
Being overweight puts additional pressure on hips and knees. Many years of
carrying extra pounds can cause the cartilage that cushions joints to break
down faster. Studies suggest that excess fat tissue produces inflammatory
chemicals (cytokines) that can damage the joints.
and overuse: Repetitive movements or injuries to joints (such as a
fracture, surgery or ligament tears) can lead to osteoarthritis. Some athletes,
for example, repeatedly damage joints, tendons and ligaments, which can speed
cartilage breakdown. Certain careers that require standing for long periods of
time, repetitive bending, heavy lifting or other movements can also make
cartilage wear away more quickly.
Several other factors may contribute to osteoarthritis. These factors include
bone and joint disorders like rheumatoid
arthritis, certain metabolic disorders such as hemochromatosis, which
causes the body to absorb too much iron, or acromegaly, which causes the body
to make too much growth hormone.
is no cure for Osteoarthritis, however you can manage symptoms and reduce risk
factors. If you do develop Osteoarthritis, there are many lifestyle changes you
can make to slow the course of the disease. A number of lifestyle factors
affect your risk of developing Osteoarthritis. Making certain lifestyle changes
can help you improve your joint health and prevent Osteoarthritis. Exercise
exercise can improve joint health. Look for activities that include strength
training and stretching in addition to aerobic exercise. Regular exercise can
help slow down, or even prevent, Osteoarthritis. Exercise helps people by:
maintaining healthy joints
reducing pain and fatigue
increasing muscle and bone
2. Maintain a Healthy Weight
Excess weight is one of the biggest risk factors of Osteoarthritis, as it puts extra stress on your joints, which can speed up the deterioration of joint cartilage. Overweight and obese individuals are at high risk of developing Osteoarthritis. Losing weight can help reduce pain and improve symptoms
Exercise can help people develop healthy joints and muscles, but overuse of joints can increase the risk of developing Osteoarthritis. The key is balance. If your joints are swollen or achy, give them a break. Try to avoid using a swollen joint for at least 12 to 24 hours. Letting an injured joint heal helps reduce the risk of developing Osteoarthritis there in the future.
4. Control Sugar Intake & Level
glucose levels can speed up the formation of molecules that make cartilage
stiff, and diabetes can also trigger inflammation that can accelerate cartilage
loss. Keeping diabetes under control and regulating your glucose levels can
help prevent Osteoarthritis.
there is no cure for osteoarthritis, there are many ways to prevent it and
relieve and manage its symptoms. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with
low-impact exercise, getting plenty of rest and enough sleep, and maintaining a
healthy diet and weight are simple ways you can reduce and manage Osteoarthritis
symptoms so that you can live a healthy and fulfilling life.
Shaklee can help with Osteoarthritis? Check out below!
Joint Health Complex – Promotes healthy joints
OmegaGuard – Supports joint function
Cinch – Helps with weight loss and keeps a healthy BMI
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Infertility is the inability to
naturally conceive a child, or to carry a pregnancy full term. This could be
down to the male in the partnership, the female, or in some cases, both.
Infertility affects approximately 10% of people of reproductive age. Roughly
40% of cases involve a male contribution or factor, 40% involve a female
factor, and the remainder involve both sexes.
There are several different
reasons why a couple may be unable to conceive naturally, if a woman is unable
to conceive it may be down to general factors – for example, significant liver
disease, ovarian factors such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, cervical factors
such as insufficient cervical mucus, vaginal factors such as vaginal obstruction
or genetic factors.
It is evaluated that one out of 20 men has some sort of
fertility issue with low sperm quantity. Be that as it may, just around one in
each 100 men has no sperm count in an ejaculation. Some other cause are sperm
production problems, blockage of sperm transport, sexual problems such as
erection and ejaculation problems, hormonal problems and sperm antibodies.
Despite all that, infertility is something technology in
these days can help to overcome.
To increase fertility in women:
Take hormones to address a
hormone imbalance, endometriosis, or a short menstrual cycle
Take medications to
Use supplements to enhance
Take antibiotics to remove
Have minor surgery to
remove blockage or scar tissues from the fallopian tubes, uterus, or
fertility in men :
Take medications to help
increase sperm production
Take antibiotics to heal an
Take hormones to improve
Avoiding taking long hot
showers, using hot tubs & saunas
Wear looser underwear such
as boxer shorts versus jockey shorts
men can try the artificial insemination if the man’s sperm count is low.
In this procedure, sperm is collected through multiple ejaculations. They
are then manually placed in the female’s uterus or fallopian tubes.
option will be the In Vitro Fertilization
is another used to overcome male infertility factors. In this procedure, the
sperm and egg are fertilized in a laboratory after which the fertilized
egg is placed in the female’s uterus.
If all efforts fail, there is always the option to adopt. It
might not be an ideal option for you but having children can mean many things,
and can be achieve through natural conception, by the help of science & its
advanced medicines or adoption. Adoption is a very personal decision for
prospective parents to make. It’s impossible to say there is one reason
why people adopt — because, in actuality, every family is different and every
family chooses adoption for different reasons. There are in some cases where
the couple is completely fertile and are able to conceive but also chooses to
Nevertheless, most fertility treatment, including adoption
are way too pricey and the process is lengthy. This is where Shaklee may be
able to change your fate!
Trying To Conceive Set (General Set for Female & Male
Fertility) is Divided Into 3 Categories according to type of fertility problem
Vita C Plus
But if you aren’t sure what set is suitable for you and your lifestyle or health problems, please do not worry! You can contact Mommy J for a free consultation from A – Z, and get the best deals on Shaklee products!
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